Clennie, J (2014) Optimism Despite Rising Social Inequality. This article will give you a short two page overview of current challenges facing Colombia – being the New Internationalist this article is positioned. Download: TheNewInternationalist
Social Stratification in Colombia In two pages we present you three authors opinions on urban social stratification in Colombia if you are interested, you can explore further with the links below. Download: SocialStratification
Donovan, G. M. (2008). Informal Cities and the Contestation of Public Space: The Case of Bogotá’s Street Vendors, 1988–2003. Urban Studies, 45(1) 29–51. Link.
This article contextualizes the tension between public space recuperation and the resurgence of informal street trading, providing a detailed case study of Bogotá. Donovan specifically examines the role of policy-makers and compares the outcomes both before and after a relocation of street vendors to a government-built market. What do you think have changed in terms of working conditions, income levels and occupational hazards? Additionaly, the author critically examines the role of policy-makers and institutional processes in the context of urban planning and poverty. Should “formalize informality” even be considered as a objective?
Guarín, A. (2013): The Value of Domestic Supply Chains: Producers, Wholesalers, and Urban Consumers in Colombia. Development Policy Review, 31(5), 511-530. Link.
Food access of poor consumers in developing countries is rather dependent on traditional domestic supply chains and small-scale markets than on global value chains and fancy shopping malls. This article argues „that traditional supply chains involving peasant farmers, wholesale markets and small-scale retailers, for all their imperfections, perform the crucial function of providing markets for smallholders and access to food for poor consumers in Colombian cities.“ Here is nothing more to add.
Medina, C. & Morales, L. (2007): Stratification and Public Utility Services in Colombia: Subsidies to Households or Distortions on Housing Prices? Economía, Vol. 7, 2, 41-99. Link.
Subsidies are a form of financial support with the objective to offset financial imbalances between public and private costs. But that subsidies can be cost-inefficient and sometimes don’t have the anticipated impact, is nothing new. The authors assessed the hypothesis that housing market agents in Colombia purposefully discount the value of houses to benefit from subsidies and conclude with the result, that “subsidies to the poor population through public spending in domiciliary public utility services in Colombia is being achieved, if anything, in a very limited way.”
Uribe-Mallarino, C. (2008): Estratificación social en Bogotá: De la política pública a la dinámica de la segregación social. Universitas humanística, Vol. 65, p. 139-171. Link.
Socio-spatial segregation and its impact is not only an issue of developing countries, it’s on the agenda worldwide. This article analyzes the role of Colombian’s public politics as a trigger to the dynamics of social segregation.