Markets

Flynn, J. & Lydon, M. (2014): Mercado. Lessons from 20 markets across South America. Street Plans, New York. Link.
In the words of the authors, „this project investigates 20 markets of various types in cities large and small across 5 countries in South America. This report is intended to broaden understanding of how these markets operate and draw inspiration for North American cities experiencing their own market revival.“ As a result, the authors concluded with a list of ten common characteristics of successful markets in South America. Will we be able to verify these points in Barranquilla? Here’s the link to the online article.

Oxfam (2011): Leading by Example. How cities came to link rural producers with urban food markets in Colombia. Programme Insights, Oxford. Link.
Millions of farmers in Colombia remain economically excluded from the markets. Because many city-dwellers and policy-makers are ignorant of this problem, small-scale farmers in Colombia are trapped in poverty. However, the economic and political inclusion of the rural communities would not only strengthen the links to the urban areas, but can also be a part of the solution to urban food insecurity. This publication describes how an adequate advocacy strategy can give small farmers access to markets.

Mörtenböck, P., Mooshammer, H., Crus, T. & Forman, F. (2015): Informal Market Worlds. nai010, Rotterdam.
Peter Mörtenböck and Helge Mooshammer have been working on informal markets for a long time. Recently, the two scientists from the Vienna University of Technology published a book which is highly relevant to our topic: Informal Market World. The publication is divided into an atlas and a reader, which both can be ordered here. As an appetizer, the „Introduction“ as well as the chapters „Other Markets: Sites and Processes of Economic Pressure“ and „Global Informality: Bottom-up Trades and Transnational Realignments“ can be downloaded. The whole book offers an insight into the complex spatial and social realities of informal markets all over the globe. Under this link you can find various other relevant publications at the interface between architecture, politics and globalization.

Mörtenböck, P. & Mooshammer, H. (2008): Spaces of Encounter. Informal Markets in Europe. Architectural Research Quarterly. Vol. 12, 347-­357. Link.
Mörtenböck and Mooshamer, the co-authors from the publication „Informal Market Worlds“ mentioned above, put their focus also on Europe. In this paper, three distinct european informal markets are explored: Izmailovo Market Moscow, Topkapı Market Istanbul and Arizona Market Brc˘ko (BaH). To give you an interesting detail, the Arizona Market is made up of 2500 stalls and shops sprawling over 25 hectares of land, three million visitors per year and some 20’000 people working there. It’s worth to have a look at the probably largest open-air shopping mall in south-east Europe!

Agence Française de Développement (AFD) (2015): 30 ans de projets de réhabilitation de marchés en afrique. Paris. Link.
This brochure is about market rehabilitation projects in Africa, carried out under the leadership of the French development agency. Although the first part gives a nice overview about specific projects in the last 30 years, the second part is far more relevant. The authors derive and discuss several recommendations how to intervene in market places. It’s very likely that these lessons learned hold in South America as well.

Market “IM VIADUKT”, Zürich. Link.
As a counterpart from Switzerland, the market „IM VIADUKT“ could serve as an example of a transformation from an alternative to a planned market. A quick media research revealed different risks and opportunities in the context of the success of the market: The involvement of the residents and lack of information during the planning procedure and the increase of costs for renters as well as for consumers could be identified as factors which could limit the success of the market. On the other hand, good architecture and a smart imbedding in the city context might contribute to the attraction of more people. Relevant newspaper articles about the market in general and the voices of different stakeholders can be found here (in German):
Das dritte Leben der Viaduktbögen, Tages Anzeiger, 2010
«In Zürich wird selbst aus einer Markthalle ein überteuerter Designschuppen», Tages Anzeiger, 2010
Die Geschäfte der Standmieter in den Viaduktbögen laufen schlecht, Tages Anzeiger, 2011

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